Complexation Thermodynamics and Structural Studies of Trivalent Actinide and Lanthanide Complexes with DTPA, MS-325 and HMDTPA

Publication Information:

Thakur, Punam, James L. Conca, Cleveland J. Dodge, Arokiasamy J. Francis, and Gregory R. Choppin. 2013. “Complexation thermodynamics and structural studies of trivalent actinide and lanthanide complexes with DTPA, MS-325 and HMDTPA.” Radiochimica Acta 101, no. 4 (April): 221-32.

Year: 2013

Topics: Nuclear Energy

The protonation constants of DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) and two derivatives of DTPA, 1-R(4,4-diphenyl cyclohexyl-phosphonyl-methyl diethylenentriaminepentaacetic acid (MS-325) and (R)-hydroxymethyl-diethylenentriaminepentaacetic acid (HMDTPA) were determined by potentiometric titration in 0.1 M NaClO4. The formation of 1 : 1 complexes of Am3+, Cm3+ and Ln3+ cations with these three ligands were investigated by potentiometric titration with competition by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and the solvent extraction method in aqueous solutions of I=0.10 M NaClO4. The thermodynamic data of complexation were determined by the temperature dependence of the stability constants and by calorimetry. The complexation is exothermic and becomes weaker with increase in temperature. The complexation strength of these ligands follows the order: DTPA ≈ HMDTPA > MS-325. Eu3+/Cm3+ luminescence, EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) and DFT (Density Functional Theory) calculations suggest that all three ligands are octadentate in the complex. In the complex, M(L)2− (L = DTPA, MS-325 and HMDTPA). The M3+ binds via five carboxylates oxygen atoms, three nitrogen atoms, and the complex contains one water of hydration.