Enhancement of the Structural Health Monitoring Framework by Optimizing Vibro-Acoustic Modulation Technique to Localize Alkali-Silica Reaction Degradation in Medium-Sized Concrete Samples

Publication Information:

Mahadevan, S., S. Miele, P. Karve, J. Finfrock, V. Agarwal, E. Giannini, ” Enhancement of the Structural Health Monitorng Framework by Optimizing Vibro-Acoustic Modulation Technique to Localize Alkali-Silica Reaction Degradation in Medium-Sized Concrete Samples”, Prepared for The U.S. Department of Energy, April 2018. DOI: 10.2172/1495181

Year: 2018

Assessment and management of aging concrete structures in nuclear power plants require a more systematic approach than simple reliance on existing code margins of safety. Health monitoring of concrete structures is performed to understand the current condition of a structure based on heterogeneous measurements and then produce high confidence actionable information regarding structural integrity. This information can then be used to support operational and maintenance decisions. The objectives of this ongoing research project focus on health monitoring and data analytics of concrete slabs containing reactive aggregates and thus subjected to degradation due to alkali-silica reaction (ASR). A controlled concrete slab with four pockets of reactive aggregates (pure silica, wells, placitas, and spratt) was cast at Vanderbilt University and cured in representative conditions to accelerate degradation due to ASR. A set of four concrete samples were also cast and cured at the University of Alabama for ASR testing. Of these four samples, two slabs contained reactive aggregates while the other two had the non-reactive aggregate counterparts mixed throughout the samples. Vibro-acoustic methods were used on these slabs to locate large pockets of ASR within the reactive samples and determine the effects of rebar using the non-reactive slabs. Vibro-acoustic modulation (VAM) is a vibration-based NDE method that utilizes signatures of nonlinear dynamic interactions on contact surfaces of crack or delamination damage to detect and localize the damage. VAM analysis was conducted on both Vanderbilt and Alabama’s samples using multiple variables for damage detection and localization. The results from the data analysis of the NDE vibro-acoustic techniques on concrete slabs cured at Vanderbilt University and the University of Alabama are discussed in detail in this report. The major outcome of the analysis suggests that the VAM method can be used to detect damage within the concrete samples by comparing the results found in different sections of the samples. Results for damage localization are dependent on multiple variables used in the vibro-acoustic modulation experiments. Digital image correlation (DIC) is a three-dimensional, full-field, optical NDE technique to measure contour, deformation, vibration, and strain. The application of the digital image correlation technique to study ASR-related degradation on a large concrete sample at the University of Tennessee Knoxville is discussed and observations are presented in this report.