Publications

Further Studies of Bolivian Crocidolite –Part IV: Fibre Width, Fibre Drift and their relation to Mesothelioma Induction: Preliminary Findings

Publication Information:

Edward B Ilgren, Drew R Van Orden, Richard J Lee, Yumi M Kamiya, and John Anthony Hoskins, “Further Studies of Bolivian Crocidolite –Part IV: Fibre Width, Fibre Drift and their relation to Mesothelioma Induction: Preliminary Findings,” Epidemiology Biostatistics and Public Health, Vol 12 No 2, 2015.

Year: 2015

Topics: EH&S

Background

The hypothesis that fibre width is a major determinant of mesothelioma induction has been examined by comparative studies of two crocidolites from different sources. Fine fibres from Cape South Africa and the thicker fibre found and used similarly in Bolivia.

It is well established that ‘thin’ fibre crocidolite from Cape South Africa is extremely mesotheliomagenic. Bolivian crocidolite has a much wider width distribution and relatively little mesothelioma-inducing potential.

Methods

We analysed the mesothelioma demography in Bolivia, where local crocidolite has been used for decades. This was compared with the mesothelioma demography in the Italian City of Casale Monteferrato, where Cape crocidolite was processed for many decades in the Eternit Asbestos Cement plant, producing numerous cases of mesothelioma.

We also conducted a limited downwind study from the fiberizing part of the historical operating plant, where products containing Bolivian crocidolite were made for sale and use in Cochabamba.

Results

The demographic study confirmed the absence of a significant mesothelioma excess in Bolivia.

Despite the extremely high fibre concentrations measured in the plant, no significant fibre levels were detected 100 meters away.

Conclusion

These preliminary findings undermine claims such as those made at Casale that crocidolite fibre can drift up to 15 km and remain airborne in quantities sufficient to contribute significantly to mesothelioma induction.

We propose the difference in thickness and the attendant reduction in the percentage of Stanton fibres provides an explanation for the difference in mesothelioma patterns found in each city.

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