Degradation Pathways for Monoethanolamine in a CO2 Capture Facility

Publication Information:

Strazisar, B.R., R.R. Anderson and C.M. White, “Degradation Pathways for Monoethanolamine in a CO2 Capture Facility”, Energy & Fuels, Vol. 17, pp. 1034-1039, 2003.

Year: 2003

One of the highest priorities in carbon sequestration science is the development of techniques for CO2 separation and capture, because it is expected to account for the majority of the total cost (∼75%). The most common currently used method of CO2 separation is reversible chemical absorption using monoethanolamine (MEA) solvent. In the current study, solvent degradation from this technique was studied using degraded MEA samples from the IMC Chemicals Facility in Trona, California. A major pathway to solvent degradation that had not been previously observed in laboratory experiments has been identified. This pathway, which is initiated by oxidation of the solvent, is a much more significant source of solvent degradation than the previously identified carbamate dimerization mechanism.

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