Occupational Exposure to Airborne Asbestos from Phenolic Molding Material (Bakelite) during Sanding, Drilling and Related Activities

Publication Information:

Bhattacharya, S., A. Nayak, V.K. Goel, C. Warren, S. Schlaegle and L. Ferrara, “Gravimetric Wear Analysis and Particulate Characterization of Bilateral Facet-Augmentation System – PercuDyn™”, Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering, Vol. 20(6), pp. 329-338, 2010. DOI: 10.3233/BME-2010-0646

Year: 2010

Dynamic stabilization systems are emerging as an alternative to fusion instrumentation. However, cyclic loading and micro-motion at various interfaces may produce wear debris leading to adverse tissue reactions such as osteolysis. Ten million cycles of wear test was performed for PercuDyn™ in axial rotation and the wear profile and the wear rate was mapped. A validation study was undertaken to assess the efficiency of wear debris collection which accounted for experimental errors. The mean wear debris measured at the end of 10 million cycles was 4.01 mg, based on the worst-case recovery rate of 68.2%. Approximately 40% of the particulates were less than 5 μm; 92% less than 10 μm. About 43% of particulates were spherical in shape, 27% particulates were ellipsoidal and the remaining particles were of irregular shapes. The PercuDyn™ exhibited an average polymeric wear rate of 0.4 mg/million cycles; substantially less than the literature derived studies for other motion preservation devices like the Bryan disc and Charité disc. Wear debris size and shape were also similar to these devices.